NASA to Launch Ocean Wind Monitor to Space Station
WASHINGTON — In a crafty reuse of hardware creatively built to exam tools of NASA’s QuikScat satellite, a group will launch a ISS-RapidScat instrument to a International Space Station in 2014 to magnitude ocean-surface breeze speed and direction.
The ISS-RapidScat instrument will assistance urge continue forecasts, including whirly monitoring, and bargain of how ocean-atmosphere interactions change Earth’s climate.
“The ability for NASA to fast reuse this hardware and launch it to a space hire is a good instance of a low-cost proceed that will have high advantages to scholarship and life here on Earth,” pronounced Mike Suffredini, NASA’s International Space Station module manager.
ISS-RapidScat will assistance fill a information opening combined when QuikScat, that was designed to final dual years though operated for 10, stopped collecting sea breeze information in late 2009. A scatterometer is a x-ray radar sensor used to magnitude a thoughtfulness or pinch outcome constructed while scanning a aspect of Earth from an aircraft or a satellite.
NASA and a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration have complicated next-generation replacements for QuikScat, though a inheritor will not be permitted soon. To accommodate this plea cost-effectively, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, Calif., and a agency’s hire module due bettering leftover QuikScat hardware in mixed with new hardware for use on a space station.
“ISS-RapidScat represents a low-cost proceed to appropriation profitable breeze matrix information for improving tellurian monitoring of hurricanes and other high-intensity storms,” pronounced Howard Eisen, ISS-RapidScat plan manager during JPL. “By leveraging a capabilities of a International Space Station and recycling leftover hardware, we will acquire good scholarship information during a fragment of a investment indispensable to launch a new satellite.”
ISS-RapidScat will have dimensions correctness identical to QuikScat’s and will consult all regions of Earth permitted from a space station’s orbit. The instrument will be launched to a space hire aboard a SpaceX Dragon load spacecraft. It will be commissioned on a finish of a station’s Columbus laboratory as an unconstrained cargo requiring no communication by hire organisation members. It is approaching to work aboard a hire for dual years.
ISS-RapidScat will take advantage of a space station’s singular characteristics to allege bargain of Earth’s winds. Current scatterometer orbits pass a same indicate on Earth during approximately a same time any day. Since a space station’s circuit intersects a orbits of any of these satellites about once any hour, ISS-RapidScat can offer as a calibration customary and assistance scientists tack together a information from mixed sources into a long-term record.
ISS-RapidScat also will collect measurements of Earth’s tellurian breeze margin during all times of day for all locations. Variations in winds caused by a object can play a poignant purpose in a arrangement of pleasant clouds and pleasant systems that play a widespread purpose in Earth’s H2O and appetite cycles. ISS-RapidScat observations will assistance scientists know these phenomena improved and urge continue and meridian models.
The ISS-RapidScat plan is a corner partnership of JPL and NASA’s International Space Station Program Office during a Johnson Space Center in Houston, with support from a Earth Science Division of a Science Mission Directorate in Washington.
For some-more information on NASA’s scatterometry missions, visit:
For some-more information about a International Space Station, visit:
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